Italy and Germany in war of words over German rescue ship captain

NGO ship defied ban on unauthorised migrant arrivals

A war of words broke out between Germany and Italy on Sunday over the German captain of a rescue ship, who defied a docking ban enforced by Rome to bring migrants ashore.

Italy’s deputy prime minister Matteo Salvini angrily dismissed a German call not to treat the captain as a criminal.

After spending two weeks in international waters with dozens of rescued African migrants, Carola Rackete, 31, was arrested on Saturday when the Sea-Watch 3 ship docked at the island port of Lampedusa without permission.

She had already been placed under investigation on suspicion of aiding people-smugglers under laws introduced by Mr Salvini to deter non-government rescue ships.


Mr Salvini, leader of the ruling right-wing League party, has taken a hard stance on immigration, closing off Italian ports and accusing fellow European countries of leaving Italy alone to deal with sea arrivals.

The Sea-Watch 3 case rekindled tensions with both France and Germany.

"We kindly ask the German president to worry about what happens in Germany and, if possible, ask its citizens not to break Italian laws," Mr Salvini said in response to German president Frank Walter Steinmeier.

“Anyone who saves people’s lives cannot be considered a criminal,” Mr Steinmeier told German public broadcaster ZDF.

The Italian government blames Ms Rackete for endangering the lives of four policemen who were aboard a patrol boat that ended up squeezed against the quay as the Sea-Watch 3 approached, before managing to free itself.

Mr Salvini has called it “a criminal act, an act of war”.

A lawyer for Ms Rackete told Reuters she had immediately switched off her engines when she realised the Sea-Watch 3 might have got too close to the patrol boat.

"She is very sorry to have created a situation of danger and fright among tax police officials. It was a difficult manoeuvre but she always felt she was conducting it in a safe way . . . she had been approaching extremely slowly," lawyer Alessandro Gamberini said in a telephone interview.

‘Political blackmail’

Arriving in Brussels for a summit of EU leaders, Italy's prime minister Giuseppe Conte accused Ms Rackete of "political blackmail" before a bilateral meeting with German chancellor Angela Merkel, which he said would not touch upon the issue.

However, Mr Conte said he may discuss with Ms Merkel how Berlin has applied an Italian ruling that three years ago convicted ThyssenKrupp executives for manslaughter after seven employees were killed in a 2007 fire at a Turin plant.

The clash with Berlin compounds tensions with France, with Mr Salvini inviting two rescue ships currently in the Mediterranean to head to a French port after French interior minister Christophe Castaner criticised Italy's approach.

A Spanish NGO boat on Sunday said it had rescued 40 immigrants and was heading towards Lampedusa.

"I wouldn't want someone to start again with the same boring ritual at the expense of migrants. Since France is willing, they should know they can head to Marseilles or Corsica, " Mr Salvini told Sky TG24 television.

Ms Rackete’s boat was impounded and Sea-Watch could be fined up to €50,000.

The interior ministry said the 41 migrants who disembarked the Sea-Watch 3, run by the German charity Sea-Watch, were “fed and spent a quiet night . . . so it’s unclear why the NGO needed to dock without authorisation”.

But Sea-Watch spokeswoman Giorgia Linardi said Ms Rackete had felt she could no longer keep the migrants on the ship as suicide threats were forcing its crew to keep a constant watch.

“I say thank-you to Sea-Watch,” said one of the migrants, 21-year-old Isaac. “Because if it wasn’t . . . [for] Sea-Watch, I’d be a dead body by now.”

Mr Salvini said the Lampedusa arrivals would be divided between France, Germany, Luxembourg, Finland and Portugal.

“A magistrate has 48 hours to decide if the lady in charge of the ship that tried to squash four policemen like sardines deserves to remain in jail or not,” Mr Salvini added.

"If she is released, we have an expulsion order ready." – Additional reporting by Francesco Guarascio in Brussels, Antonio Denti in Lampedusa; Douglas Busvine in Frankfurt; Joan Faus in Madrid