German far-right AfD split over move to expel provocative figure

Regional leader Höcke calls process of coming to terms with fascist past ‘silly’

Leaders of Germany’s far-right populist Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) party are wrangling over a decision to dismiss a provocative and divisive regional figure.

On Monday a two-thirds majority of the AfD board agreed to start expulsion proceedings against Björn Höcke, head of the party in the eastern state of Thuringia, after he dismissed as “silly” Germany’s ongoing process of coming to terms with its fascist past.

Mr Höcke told a cheering crowd of young AfD members in Dresden last month that this reflected Germans’ “emotional state as a brutally conquered people”, which continued to burden younger generations with a sense of guilt instead of achievement.

The call from Mr Höcke for a “180-degree shift” in how Germany remembered its past drew thunderous applause from the Dresden audience – and outrage when a video of the speech was posted online. After a telephone conference AfD coleader Frauke Petry said Mr Höcke should leave the party for “overstepping the limit of what is democratically tolerable”.


But several prominent AfD leaders opposed the move. AfD deputy chief Alexander Gauland insisted that Mr Höcke “didn’t at any point breach party rules” and called the move to oust him “completely mistaken”.


The Höcke scandal – and exclusion row – comes at a sensitive time for the AfD. It had hoped to use concerns over chancellor Angela Merkel’s refugee and security policies as a springboard into the Bundestag.

With an eye on September’s federal election, the party agreed last year a strategy paper cementing its “reputation as a breaker of taboos” and urging “careful planning” in the months ahead for further, targeted provocation. But Mr Höcke’s remarks, coinciding with a three-point slump in polls to 10 per cent,  suggest there are limits on provocation.

He has been a consistent AfD provocateur, warning of Africans’ “life-affirming expansionist” breeding that would eventually overwhelm the “self-negating European” culture.

Attempts to oust him could yet splinter an uneasy truce between two rival camps in the AfD: western German conservative-liberals and eastern nationalists. Western AfD leaders fear Mr Höcke will undermine the party’s attraction to conservatives voters disillusioned with Dr Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU).


Nationalist Höcke supporters, meanwhile, say dismissing him would undermine what the populist party views as a crusade against so-called political correctness. “The aim is apparently to greatly limit the diversity of opinion, which differentiates the AfD from other parties,” said the AfD parliamentary party in the Thuringian state parliament, headed by Mr Höcke.

The process of excluding Mr Höcke is a risky endeavour for high-flying co-leader Frauke Petry, who suggested asylum seekers could be shot for breaching Germany’s borders and defended another AfD regional politician who described Holocaust deniers as “dissidents”.

A year ago Mr Höcke, a 44-year-old teacher on leave, told The Irish Times he was actually a "remarkably introverted person". In the German political system, he added, "provocation is essential" for a young party to attract attention and votes.

Derek Scally

Derek Scally

Derek Scally is an Irish Times journalist based in Berlin